A low level of grumbling amongst art market junkies emerged this morning over twitter, two days after the TEFAF Art Market Report was released. According to these experts, the report, which contains more than 80 pages of market data and analysis, is likely to be inaccurate due to the opacity of the market itself. In particular, the statistic that 70% of all work purchased in China was sold at auction seems to be raising some eyebrows as the online survey used to collect data needed to supplemented with in person interviews. (The speculation here is that the survey response rate was too low to use).
The problem, though, isn’t so much that the data gathered isn’t definitive—in this market no survey could provide that—but that this particular report places information on how the data was gathered in the appendix at the back of the document. This stands in contrast to those who chose to lead with lengthy explanations of how data sources and interpretation, before presenting the findings.
Knowing that the document’s findings aren’t definitive, we’ve reproduced the principal findings of the report, minus the bulk of the data about the Chinese market, as it’s the most likely to be inaccurate. Here’s what the report found:
- The international art market reached €47.4 billion in total sales of art and antiques in 2013, close to its highest ever record total, and advancing 8% year-on-year.
- The volume of transactions in the global art market also increased in 2013 but by less than the growth in value, indicating that a significant part of the uplift of the market was due to higher priced works, rather than simply more works sold.
- Sales in the US in 2013 increased by 25% in value year-on-year, confirming its position as the key centre worldwide for sales of the highest priced art.
- The Chinese market experienced more cautious buying in 2013, with low positive growth of 2%.
- The EU has been one of the most stagnant regions of the art market, with sales falling by 2% in 2013.
- In 2013, the US accounted for 38% of the market by value, China dropped to 24% and the UK was in third place, at 20%.
- Online sales in 2013 were estimated to have been in excess of €2.5 billion, or around 5% of global art and antique sales. It is estimated that the online art market, including online sales by auction houses, dealers and online-only companies, could grow at a rate of at least 25% per annum, meaning that they could exceed €10 billion by 2020.
- Post War and Contemporary art was the largest sector of the market in 2013 and included the highest priced works sold during the year. It accounted for 46% of the fine art auction market by value and 44% by volume.
- The Post War and Contemporary sector grew 11% in value in 2013, reaching a historical peak of €4.9 billion in auction sales alone. The number of lots sold also rose to its highest level, with 6% growth year-on-year.
- In 2013, dealers reported making 33% of their total sales through art fairs, while sales through galleries increased 6% to 50%.
- There were 32 million millionaires worldwide in 2013 and 42% of those were based in the US. At least 600,000 of this global group are mid-to-high level art collectors (less than 2% of the world’s millionaire population).
- World imports of art and antiques reached a total of €17.6 billion in 2012 A, a 19% increase year-on-year and the highest total yet recorded.
- The US and UK accounted for a combined majority of 69% of world imports as they continued to attract both international and domestic demand for art and antiques. Switzerland also maintained a high share at 8%.
- World exports increased 25% year-on-year to a new record high of €18.0 billion in 2012, their highest ever recorded level.
- The UK and US together accounted for the majority of the value of exports of art, with a combined share of 65%, underlining their importance as entrepôt markets for the art trade.
- The UK was the largest importer and exporter of art globally and a net importer of art, with imports of €6.1 billion exceeding exports of €5.8 billion, both just marginally ahead of the US.
- In 2013 sales in the art market in the US by dealers and auction houses reached a total of €18.0 billion, an advance of 25% year-on-year, having doubled in value in the five years since 2009.
- The US is the leading market place for sales of the highest priced art and antiques in the world. In 2013 it had a 52% share of the value of of all lots sold for over €1 million at auction around the world. It also accounted for 78% of the volume and 60% of the value of all transactions priced over €10 million.
- Post War and Contemporary art represented by far the largest sector of the art market the US in 2103, accounting for 59% of the value of fine art auction sales, with several examples of US and international artists selling for prices in excess of $50 million during the year.